Different Types of Threaded Rods/Bars

A threaded rod or stud is basically a long bar that is threaded on both ends to facilitate fastening in high tension applications. The threading may apply to the entire length of the rod or could be only at certain parts.  Continuously threaded bars from ironmongeryonline are divided into two main types:

a. One is the general purpose type that is often used with flange bolting. The length is measured completely from end to end.

b. The second type of stud is used specifically for temperature and pressure piping. These are made according to the requirements of the application and there is no fixed standard size. The points are chamfered and flat. The length for these is measured from thread to thread.
Among studs that are not threaded completely, there are two categories:

Full bodied studs

These threaded bars have a shank length that equals the major diameter. The way these studs are used, the stresses are often greater in the threads. The shank does not come under much tension. Full bodied studs are created by removing the metal to create the right thread. This results in the grain of the steel being disturbed and hence these studs are generally weaker. However, they perform well enough for most standard applications.

Undercut studs

In these studs, the shank length equals the pitch diameter of the thread. These are very good at distributing axial stresses and are considerably stronger than full bodied threaded bars. The main reason for its strength is that metal is not removed to create the thread. It is, in fact, rolled up to the major diameter. Hence the grain of steel is kept completely intact. Due to their high strength, these are used in applications where the studs are exposed to fatigue. These are also the more common type in standard studs and bolts.

There is another way to classify studs that are not completely threaded:

Tap End

These will have two threads at each end, one short and one long. The shorter end is called the tap end and is used for screwing into the hole. This end will also have a chamfered point.

Double End

These will have an equal length thread on each end, which is used to attach the nut. Both the ends will usually be chamfered but round points can also be done. It is generally used in applications that require torching from both ends.

Heineken – Every Man Is Legendary..

Every man (and hopefully woman) (especially Heineken drinkers) has a unique talent. An ability that makes them unique and “legendary”.
Heineken set out to prove the point, in spectacular (even Epic) style..
Starting with open auditions across several capitals including Paris, New York, London and Amsterdam which turned up Ultimate Limbo, Expert Diving, Perfect Conga, and 17 others.. proving that every man (what happened to the women?) has the ability to become legendary.
Check out the stories behind each of the “talents” here: The Odyssey Interactive Film
You can view all the Heineken Odyssey videos on the Heineken YouTube Channel

Basically, each “non-actor” plays the same character, but with a different “special talent”.. all the different versions of the character appear to have (fake) beards.. hmm, maybe that’s why it’s just the men, then?

Heineken basically gave twenty young men the chance to showcase their unique, legendary talents:

Heineken has also launched the “Take The Stage” campaign which is intended to provide unique platforms to showcase these unique, legendary abilities: how about:

  • on the set of a new Bond film
  • onstage at a major music festival
  • at the U.S. Open. Centre Court, of course!

Adult consumers 21 and older can enter a sweepstakes for the chance to showcase their legendary side..

Sponsored by Heineken

How to Buy Cheap Concert Tickets

Do you remember the days when you could see an awesome concert for just a few bucks? It used to be that concerts were cheap and artists made most of their money from album sales. But times have changed. As record sales drop – due at least in part to illegal downloading –concert prices have increased so that artists can continue to earn their money. Now, you have to pay more than ever before to see the live music you want to enjoy.

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Consider these facts and figures from USA Today:

  • Ticket prices have increased by about 400% on average over the last 30 years.
  • The average price of tickets has increased faster over the years than college tuition and healthcare.
  • Service fees and other surcharges can add up to 40% to the base ticket price.
  • The 2010 merger of Live Nation and Ticketmaster helped generate $3.9 billion in concert revenue and $1.4 billion in ticket revenue in 2012.
  • The top 1% of artists take home more than 50% of the total concert revenue.

How you can still get cheap concert tickets

As a fan, the current state of the music industry can be pretty depressing. Seeing your favorite bands perform live means spending more money than ever before. But there is some good news. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to get tickets to your favorite shows at reasonable prices.

Here are a few tips to help you score cheap concert tickets:

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  • Take advantage of pre-sale deals for fans—Pre-sales allow fans to purchase tickets before they go on sale to the general public. Not only does this help ensure you get tickets before they sell out, but often times, bands will offer special discounted prices for their pre-sales. This could allow you to score cheap concert tickets more easily. You may need to be a member of the band’s fan club or subscribed to their email list in order to take advantage of special pre-sale offers.
  • Buy a special combo package—Promotional packages have started to rise in popularity with concert ticket sales. You’ll see all sorts of special deals, such as packages that give you concert tickets, a shirt, and the band’s latest album at a discounted price. These special ticket packages can help you get a better overall value, and sometimes, they offer some really rare and limited run items, making them an even more attractive deal.
  • Enter a contest—What’s better than free tickets? A lot of times, you can find special contests giving away tickets to the concerts you want to go to. Maybe it’s a radio contest where you have to be the 10th caller. Or maybe the band is holding an online contest giving away tickets to the fan who submits the most creative video. Be on the lookout for any contests that give you the chance to score the ultimate deal—free tickets!
  • Search online for special coupon codes—Sometimes, ticket retailers will allow you to input coupon codes at checkout. For example, one local promoter in Houston allows the first 25 fans who buy tickets to their shows to get 50% off their purchase if they input a specific coupon code at the time of purchase. So, before you buy your tickets, search the web to see if you can find any active coupon codes for the site you’re buying your tickets from.
  • Buy cheap resale tickets—Ticket resellers have earned a bit of a bad rap over the years, but it’s not always fair. The websites that go about things the right way actually provide a major benefit to fans, allowing them to score tickets to popular events at the lowest possible prices. As long as you buy your tickets from a trusted reseller, you’ll be able to get the best deals. Do your research, compare prices, and save money on the concert tickets you want most. Here is a good place to start your search.

Sure, concert tickets are the most expensive they’ve ever been, but that doesn’t mean that you have to spend an arm and a leg to go see you favorite band perform live. By following the simple tips mentioned above, you can save money on all the best concerts.

Christopher Daniel is a music blogger from Austin, Texas. He covers the vibrant Austin music scene on numerous blogs across the web. He also has an amazing collection of concert photographs from his years at shows. 

Beat Box: A Drum Machine Obsession chronicles the history of the drum machine

Boston-based drum machine fan catalogues his life’s obsession, and the backing bone of much modern music, in new book.

Over the past thirty years drum machines have helped shape the sound of more popular music than most of us even realise. From pop to rock, hip hop to dance music, the drum machine has kept the beat going through thick and thin. For Boston’s Joe Mansfield, a hip hop producer and music industry veteran who worked with Edo G in the early 90s, these beat boxes proved so irresistible he started collecting them after first coming across a TR-808 in 1985.

On December 3 Get On Down are publishing Mansfield’s Beat Box: A Drum Machine Obsession which features 75 machines from his collection, spanning the 1950s to the late 1980s, shot by award winning photographer Gary Land. The book features not just details and back stories on all the machines, gathered by Mansfield himself, but also archival advertisements and interviews with pioneers of the machines such as Davy DMX, Schoolly-D, Marshall Jefferson and Roger Linn. The book also features a foreword by Dave Tompkins, whose recent How To Wreck a Nice Beach is a must read for anyone interested in the vocoder.

Head over to Fast Company’s Co Create to read a short interview with Mansfield as well as view a fascinating gallery of the machines featured in the book, including the above: a Bee Gees Rhythm Machine. Mansfield also shares some gems about how essential drum machines were to hits by the likes of Phil Collins, Marvin Gaye and New Order.

Visit the Get On Down website for more details on the book and its release.

Make Your Blog Pay For Itself!


In February 2012, there were 156 MILLION blogs* in existence. There’s no doubt that this figure will be much higher today. Today’s web users look to the web and in particular the blogosphere for quality, up-to-date information.

Cover Your Costs

Providing information and relevant links that your visitors actually read, AND getting paid to do it.
This is surely the ultimate goal of anyone who owns their own blog?
Even if you are only covering the costs of running the site: Domain Renewal (About £10/Year), and hosting costs (this varies but can be considerable, but lets say £30 as an example), it’s worth doing. That’s assuming that there are no maintenance costs i.e. you fix any problems yourself. If you need to pay someone to fix a problem, then you could be looking at megabucks!

How to get paid

You could try the following:
Banner advertising – beware “banner blindness”
Affiliate special offers – make sure they’re relevant.
Guest Posts – See below:


Further Information

You might want to try: This post on Mashable
* Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blog)

Blogging – Everyone’s at it. Official.

Blogging – It’s MASSIVE!

Seriously, Blogging is massive. Whether you are just rambling on about your favourite music (ahem!), or protesting against political oppression, blogging is the way to go.

This site started out as my personal blog, back when I was posting music on Electromancer. It’s developed a bit since then..


Nowadays, I also use it to promote stuff that I’m interested on impressed with, that I think you lot may be interested in too.. stuff like OMD, John Foxx, Gary Numan, etc..

There are many blogging platforms – you can get started for free with either:

www.blogger.com, or

Are Legends Born or Made?

Are legends born, or made? To find out Heineken®, as part of its latest global campaign ‘Voyage’, is undertaking it’s most daring experiment yet.  It is testing what men are truly made of when taken out of their daily lives and dropped into the great unknown. Imagine the situation. You are a highly social character, out-going and confident. You get chosen to go on a legendary adventure – something you have never done before – a new experience that will test your resourcefulness. But then you find yourself in the freezing wilderness of Alaska – alone on a glacier, with nothing but a giant life-ring, a tuxedo and a plane ticket to get you home – and the airport is hundreds of miles away.

This is ‘Voyage’, a new campaign from premium beer brand Heineken® that takes different men from across the world and drops them in remote global locations with nothing but the most basic of supplies and directions. The result is ‘Dropped’ – a series of episodic adventures following our intrepid explorers on their legendary travel experience.

‘Voyage’ is the fifth instalment of the Heineken ‘Legends’ platform, The integrated campaign, which will live on a variety of platforms across broadcast, digital and mobile, will allow consumers to have a truly immersive experience via the Heineken® Dropped YouTube channel. Here, viewers will be able to follow each ‘Dropped’ voyage, access documentary-style content and also contribute their own video entries to the ‘casting couch’ –  with the ultimate chance of partaking in their own legendary travel adventure. 

Every ‘Dropped’ travel adventure will be tailored towards the character of its main protagonist – forcing them to discover their own limits and conquer their fears. Across four continents they’ll face a multitude of challenges – tough terrain, curious locals and unusual modes of transport. As the Dropped episodes unfold, so the social experiment will come to life, with viewers of each voyage able to follow how each traveller fares through a series of diary entries and journey updates.

Their final destination?  Home. Will they make it? The answer lies within each adventurer – the outcome of each Dropped encounter is completely unscripted, with the participants desire to overcome the challenges the only measurement for success. For all we know legends aren’t made, they’re Dropped.

How to party like a rock star

We’ve all dreamt about being a rock star – and
don’t let anyone argue that they haven’t. Being a rock star is one of
the ultimate ambitions – or dreams – for a great deal of people for all
the right reasons: the money, the fame, the girls… However, if one
were to burst the bubble of teenagers and adults all around the world,
the simple truth is that it’s unlikely they’ll ever actually be a real rock star.

Although this doesn’t stop us having fun pretending to be.

How many times have you perhaps had a few drinks and blared out the
lyrics to one of your favourite bands – be it on the radio at home, in
the shower, or even if public at the karaoke night? How many times have
you air guitar-ed in private? How many times have you dressed as a rock
star to a fancy dress event?

Even people that play an instrument are to some extent living out
their own personal make-believe rock star dream. While they will
certainly know the limitations of their skill, it doesn’t stop them
embracing all the great traits that make people true music icons:
confidence, power, technical ability, charm and cool.

Bearing these kinds of activities in mind, in what other ways can we get our rock star fix?

Crank up the stereo

Simple, but effective. Whether you own a whole rack of high-fidelity Marantz equipment, or a lowly budget-brand HiFi, everyone should feel free to whack up the volume every now and again.

Throwing a party is one of the most acceptable ways of getting away
with this – save giving your neighbours grief for your incessant weekly
rock-outs. But once a week is probably ok to push those decibels just a
little higher than usual.

Top tip: Make sure you’ve tuned your sound system to it’s optimum
settings for maximum rock-goodness. Drum and bass notes should always be
deep and pounding, while the mid and high should be set around
half-way. You might even have a built-in EQ (equaliser) that comes
pre-configured with ‘rock’ settings.

Put on a live music DVD

If you’re lucky enough to have a decent quality (and large) flat
screen TV, as well as a surround sound system, you could thrust yourself
right into the middle of a gig with the help of a live music DVD.

Bands commonly only release their biggest and best shows on DVD and
Blu Ray – meaning they frequently contain ‘the hits’ – so try rack up a
library of shows where you get a distinct variety in sets.

Get your (plastic) guitar on

Crack open the beers, flick the XBox or PS3 on and get your mates
over for a rather different – but equally satisfying – rock experience.
The ‘Guitar Hero’ and ‘Rock Band’ series were huge computer games just
five years ago and are always fun to pull out time and again.

Whether your expertise be the drums, bass, guitar or vocals, in the
right company, and with the volume turned up LOUD, you’re sure to have a
very rocking time.

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